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Princely and Ducal - BI
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Princely and Ducal - BIV
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Princely and Ducal - CI
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Princely and Ducal - CIII
Princely and Ducal - CIV
Princely and Ducal - DI
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Princely and Ducal - EI
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Princely and Ducal - FII
Princely and Ducal - GI
Princely and Ducal - GII
Princely and Ducal - GIII
Princely and Ducal - HI
Princely and Ducal - HII
Princely and Ducal - HIII
Princely and Ducal - II
Princely and Ducal - JI
Princely and Ducal - KI
Princely and Ducal - LI
Princely and Ducal - LII
Princely and Ducal - LIII
Princely and Ducal - LIV
Princely and Ducal - MI
Princely and Ducal - MII
Princely and Ducal - NI
Princely and Ducal - NII
Princely and Ducal - NIII
Princely and Ducal - OI
Princely and Ducal - PI
Princely and Ducal - PII
Princely and Ducal - PIII
Princely and Ducal - PIV
Princely and Ducal - RI
Princely and Ducal - RII
Princely and Ducal - RIII
Princely and Ducal - SI
Princely and Ducal - SII
Princely and Ducal - SIII
Princely and Ducal - SIV
Princely and Ducal - TI
Princely and Ducal - TII
Princely and Ducal - UI
Princely and Ducal - VI
Princely and Ducal - WI
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Nobility of Holy Roman Empire - I
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Nobility of Holy Roman Empire - IV
Nobility of Holy Roman Empire - V
British Peerage Part I
British Peerage Part II
British Peerage Part III - A
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British Peerage Part IV
Higher Nobility I
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Higher Nobility XVI
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Mughal Empire

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Emblem_of_Vatican_City.svg/200px-Emblem_of_Vatican_City.svg.png
  Holy Vatican State
Stato della Città del Vaticano
 
Part II

10th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
118 July 903 - September 903 Pope Leo V.jpg Leo V
Papa
LEO Quintus
  Ardea   <1  
119 29 January 904 - 14 April 911 SergiusIII.jpg Sergius III
Papa
SERGIUS Tertius
  Rome   7 "Saeculum obscurum" begins
120 April 911 - June 913   Anastasius III
Papa
ANASTASIUS Tertius
  Rome   2  
121 July/August 913 - February/March 914   Lando
Papa
LANDO
  Sabina, Italy   <1  
122 March 914 - May 928   John X
Papa
IOANNES Decimus
  Romagna, Italy   14  
123 May 928 - December 928   Leo VI
Papa
LEO Sextus
  Rome   <1  
124 December 928 - February 931 Stephen VII.jpg Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa
STEPHANUS Septimus (Octavus)
  Rome   2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII
125 February/March 931 - December 935 Ioannes XI.jpg John XI
Papa
IOANNES Undecimus
  Rome   4  
126 3 January 936 - 13 July 939 Leone-VII.jpg Leo VII, O.S.B.
Papa
LEO Septimus
      3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
127 14 July 939 - October 942 Stephen VIII.png Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa
STEPHANUS Octavus (Nonus)
  Germany   3 Sometimes called Stephen IX
128 30 October 942 - May 946 Marinus II.jpg Marinus II
Papa
MARINUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
129 10 May 946 - December 955   Agapetus II
Papa
AGAPETUS Secundus
  Rome   9  
130 16 December 955 - 14 May 964 GiovanniXII.png John XII
Papa
IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome   8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Saeculum obscurum"
131 22 May 964 - 23 June 964   Benedict V
Papa
BENEDICTUS Quintus
  Rome   <1 Elected after John XII's death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
132 July 964 - 1 March 965   Leo VIII
Papa
LEO Octavus
  Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
133 1 October 965 - 6 September 972 Papa Ioannes XIII.jpg John XIII
Papa
IOANNES Tertius Decimus
  Rome   6  
134 19 January 973 - June 974   Benedict VI
Papa
BENEDICTUS Sextus
  Rome, Papal States   1 Deposed and murdered
135 October 974 - 10 July 983   Benedict VII
Papa
BENEDICTUS Septimus
  Rome   8  
136 December 983 - 20 August 984   John XIV
Papa
IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Piètro Campanora Pavia   <1  
137 August 985 - March 996   John XV
Papa
IOANNES Quintus Decimus
  Rome   10  
138 3 May 996 - 18 February 999 Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt.jpg Gregory V
Papa
GREGORIUS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2 First German Pope
139 2 April 999 - 12 May 1003 Silvester II.JPG Sylvester II
Papa
SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 First French Pope

11th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
140 June 1003
- December 1003
Papa Joao XVII.jpg John XVII
Papa
IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States  
141 25 December 1003
- July 1009
(5 years)
Ioannes XVIII.jpg John XVIII
Papa
IOANNES DuodeVicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rapagnano, Papal States  
142 31 July 1009
- 12 May 1012
(2 years)
Sergius IV.jpg Sergius IV
Papa
SERGIUS Quartus
Piètro Boccapècora Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
143 18 May 1012
- 9 April 1024
(11 years)
B Benedikt VIII.jpg Benedict VIII
Papa
BENEDICTUS Octavus
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
144 April/May 1024
- 20 October 1032
(8 years)
B Johannes XIX.jpg John XIX
Papa
IOANNES UndeVicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
145 1032-1044   Benedict IX
Papa
BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 1st Term
146 1045 Silvestro3.jpg Sylvester III
Papa
SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
147 1045-1046   Benedict IX
Papa
BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
148 April/May 1045
- 20 December 1046
(1 year)
B Gregor VI.jpg Gregory VI
Papa
GREGORIUS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Deposed at the Council of Sutri
149 24 December 1046
- 9 October 1047
(289 days)
Pope clement II.jpg Clement II
Papa
CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger Hornburg, Duchy of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire  
150 November 1047
- 1048
BenedictusIX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa
BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
151 17 July 1048
- 9 August 1048
(23 days)
B Damasus II1.jpg Damasus II
Papa
DAMASUS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire  
152 12 February 1049
- 19 April 1054
(5 years)
Leon IX.jpg St Leo IX
Papa
LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Eguisheim, Swabia, Holy Roman Empire In 1054, mutual excommunications of Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius began the East-West Schism. The anathematizations were rescinded by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965.[9]
153 13 April 1055
- 28 July 1057
(2 years)
Vicii bild.jpg Victor II
Papa
VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire  
154 2 August 1057
- 29 March 1058
(241 days)
B Stephan IX.jpg Stephen IX (Stephen X), O.S.B.
Papa
STEPHANUS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
155 6 December 1058
- 27 July 1061
(2 years)
Papa Nicolau II.jpg Nicholas II
Papa
NICOLAUS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de Chevron, Kingdom of Arles  
156 30 September 1061
- 21 April 1073
(11 years)
Papa Alexandre II.jpg Alexander II
Papa
ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
157 22 April 1073
- 25 May 1085
(12 years)
Pope Gregory VII.jpg St Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Papa
GREGORIUS Septimus
Hildebrand Sovana, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Gregorian Reforms. Restricted the use of title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome.[4] Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
158 24 May 1086
- 16 September 1087
(1 year)
Victor III.jpg Bd. Victor III, O.S.B.
Papa
VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Benevento, Duchy of Benevento Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159 12 March 1088
- 29 July 1099
(11 years)
BlUrban II.gif Bd. Urban II, O.S.B.
Papa
URBANUS Secundus
Odo of Lagery Lagery, County of Champagne, France Started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160 13 August 1099
- 21 January 1118
(18 years)
B Paschalis II.jpg Paschal II, O.S.B.
Papa
PASCHALIS Secundus
Raniero Bleda, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.

12th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
161 24 January 1118
- 28 January 1119
(1 year, 4 days)
GelasioII.gif Gelasius II, O.S.B.
Papa
GELASIUS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Principality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162 2 February 1119
- 13 December 1124
(5 years, 315 days)
Callistus II.gif Callixtus II
Papa
CALLISTUS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Quingey, County of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
163 15 December 1124
- 13 February 1130
(5 years, 60 days)
B Honorius II.jpg Honorius II, Can.Reg.
Papa
HONORIUS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi Fiagnano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Marìa di San Reno
164 14 February 1130
- 24 September 1143
(13 years, 222 days)
B Innozenz II.jpg Innocent II, Can.Reg.
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Secundus
Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
165 26 September 1143
- 8 March 1144
(0 years, 164 days)
Caelestinus II.jpg Celestine II
Papa
COELESTINUS Secundus
Guido Città di Castèllo, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
166 12 March 1144
- 15 February 1145
(0 years, 340 days)
B Lucius II.jpg Lucius II, Can.Reg.
Papa
LUCIUS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
167 15 February 1145
- 8 July 1153
(8 years, 143 days)
B Eugen III.jpg Bd. Eugene III, O.Cist.
Papa
EUGENIUS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa Pisa, Republic of Pisa, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians. Announced the Second Crusade.
168 8 July 1153
- 3 December 1154
(1 year, 148 days)
B Anastasius IV.jpg Anastasius IV
Papa
ANASTASIUS Quartus
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
169 4 December 1154
- 1 September 1159
(4 years, 271 days)
Pope Hadrian IV.jpg Adrian IV, Can.Reg.
Papa
HADRIANUS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170 7 September 1159
- 30 August 1181
(21 years, 357 days)
B-Alexander III1.jpg Alexander III
Papa
ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando Siena, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
171 1 September 1181
- 25 November 1185
(4 years, 85 days)
Pope Lucius III.png Lucius III
Papa
LUCIUS Tertius
Ubaldo Lucca, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
172 25 November 1185
- 19 October 1187
(1 year, 328 days)
B Urban III.jpg Urban III
Papa
URBANUS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli Cuggiono, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
173 21 October 1187
- 17 December 1187
(0 years, 57 days)
B Gregor VIII.jpg Gregory VIII, Can.Reg.
Papa
GREGORIUS Octavus
Alberto di Morra Benevento, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174 19 December 1187
- 20 March 1191[10]
(3 years, 91 days)
B Clemens III.jpg Clement III
Papa
CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
175 21 March 1191
- 8 January 1198
(6 years, 293 days)
Celestin III.jpg Celestine III
Papa
COELESTINUS Tertius
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
176 8 January 1198
- 16 July 1216
(18 years, 190 days)
Innozenz3.jpg Innocent III
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Tertius
Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade. Initiated the medieval Inquisition in Spain and Portugal.

13th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
177 18 July 1216
- 18 March 1227
(10 years, 243 days)
B Honorius III3.jpg Honorius III
Papa
HONORIUS Tertius
Cencio Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
178 19 March 1227
- 22 August 1241
(14 years, 156 days)
PopeGregoryIX.jpg Gregory IX
Papa
GREGORIUS Nonus
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179 25 October 1241
- 10 November 1241
(0 years, 16 days)
B Colestin IV.jpg Celestine IV
Papa
COELESTINUS Quartus
Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Died before coronation.
180 25 June 1243
- 7 December 1254
(11 years, 165 days)
Pope Innocent IV sends Dominicans and Franciscans out to the Tartars.jpg Innocent IV
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Quartus
Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245
181 12 December 1254
- 25 May 1261
(6 years, 164 days)
B Alexander IV.jpg Alexander IV
Papa
ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne Jenne, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
182 29 August 1261
- 2 October 1264
(3 years, 34 days)
Pope Urban IV.jpg Urban IV
Papa
URBANUS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, County of Champagne, France  
183 5 February 1265
- 29 November 1268
(3 years, 298 days)
Papst Clemens IV.jpg Clement IV
Papa
CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France  
N/A 29 November 1268
- 1 September 1271
Ombrellino-keys.svg Interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
184 1 September 1271
- 10 January 1276
(4 years, 131 days)
B Gregor X.jpg Bd. Gregory X
Papa
GREGORIUS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274.
185 21 January 1276
- 22 June 1276
(0 years, 153 days)
InnocentV.jpg Bd. Innocent V, O.P.
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Quintus
Pierre de Tarentaise County of Savoy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
186 11 July 1276
- 18 August 1276
(0 years, 38 days)
Papa Adriano V.jpg Adrian V
Papa
HADRIANUS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire  
187 8 September 1276
- 20 May 1277
(0 years, 254 days)
B Johannes XXI.jpg John XXI
Papa
IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Julião (a.k.a. Petrus Hispanus and Pedro Hispano) Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, when elected Pope in 1276, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIX
188 25 November 1277
- 22 August 1280
(2 years, 271 days)
NicholasIII.jpg Nicholas III
Papa
NICOLAUS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
189 22 February 1281
- 28 March 1285
(4 years, 34 days)
B Martin IV.jpg Martin IV
Papa
MARTINUS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France  
190 2 April 1285
- 3 April 1287
(2 years, 1 day)
PopeOnorioIV.jpg Honorius IV
Papa
HONORIUS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
191 22 February 1288
- 4 April 1292
(4 years, 42 days)
NicholasIV.jpg Nicholas IV, O.F.M.
Papa
NICOLAUS Quartus
Girolamo Masci Lisciano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A 4 April 1292
- 5 July 1294
Ombrellino-keys.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
192 5 July 1294
- 13 December 1294
(0 years, 161 days)
B Colestin V.jpg St Celestine V, O.S.B.
Papa
COELESTINUS Quintus
Pietro da Morrone Sant' Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of the few popes who resigned. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
193 24 December 1294
- 11 October 1303
(8 years, 291 days)
Bonifatius VIII Grabstatue.JPG Boniface VIII
Papa
BONIFACIUS Octavus
Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  

14th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Notes
194 22 October 1303
- 7 July 1304
(0 years, 259 days)
B Benedikt XI.jpg Bd. Benedict XI, O.P.
Papa
BENEDICTUS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini Treviso, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
195 5 June 1305
- 20 April 1314
(8 years, 319 days)
Papa Clemens Quintus.jpg Clement V
Papa
CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312. Initiated the persecution of the Knights Templar with the Pastoralis Praeeminentiae under pressure from King Philip IV of France.
N/A 20 April 1314
- 7 August 1316
Ombrellino-keys.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
196 7 August 1316
- 4 December 1334
(18 years, 119 days)
John22.jpg John XXII
Papa
IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon
197 20 December 1334
- 25 April 1342
(7 years, 126 days)
Benedikt XII1.gif Benedict XII, O.Cist.
Papa
BENEDICTUS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians.
198 7 May 1342
- 6 December 1352
(10 years, 213 days)
Clemens VI.gif Clement VI, O.S.B.
Papa
CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
199 18 December 1352
- 12 September 1362
(9 years, 268 days)
Innozenz VI.gif Innocent VI
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Sextus
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
200 28 September 1362
- 19 December 1370
(8 years, 82 days)
Urban V.gif Bd. Urban V, O.S.B.
Papa
URBANUS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
201 30 December 1370
- 26 March 1378
(7 years, 86 days)
PopeGregoryXI.jpg Gregory XI
Papa
GREGORIUS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome; last French Pope
202 8 April 1378
- 15 October 1389
(11 years, 190 days)
Urbanus VI.jpg Urban VI
Papa
URBANUS Sextus
Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism
203 2 November 1389
- 1 October 1404
(14 years, 334 days)
IX.Bonifac.jpg Boniface IX
Papa
BONIFACIUS Nonus
Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism

15th century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
204 17 October 1404
- 6 November 1406
(2 years, 20 days)
Innocent VII.jpg Innocent VII
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Septimus
Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Sulmona, Kingdom of Naples 65 / 67 [B] Western Schism
205 30 November 1406
- 4 July 1415
(8 years, 216 days)
Gregory XII.jpg Gregory XII
Papa
GREGORIUS Duodecimus
Angelo Correr Venice, Republic of Venice 60 / 69 [R][B] Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
N/A 4 July 1415
- 11 November 1417
Ombrellino-keys.svg Interregnum Two-year period without a valid pope elected.
206 11 November 1417
- 20 February 1431
(13 years, 101 days)
Pisanello, copia da Ritratto di Martino V (Galleria Colonna).jpg Martin V
Papa
MARTINUS Quintus
Oddone Colonna Genazzano, Papal States 48 / 62 [B] Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
207 3 March 1431
- 23 February 1447
(15 years, 357 days)
PapstEugen.jpg Eugene IV, O.S.A.
Papa
EUGENIUS Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 63 [B] Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433. Transferred the Council of Basel to Ferrara. It was later transferred again, to Florence, because of the Bubonic plague.
208 6 March 1447
- 24 March 1455
(8 years, 18 days)
Nicholas V.jpg Nicholas V
Papa
NICOLAUS Quintus
Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Republic of Genoa 49 / 57 Held Jubilee of 1450; crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452.
209 8 April 1455
- 6 August 1458
(3 years, 120 days)
Calixtus III.jpg Callixtus III
Papa
CALLISTUS Tertius
Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 76 / 79 First Spanish pope
210 19 August 1458
- 15 August 1464
(5 years, 362 days)
Pintoricchio 012.jpg Pius II
Papa
PIUS Secundus
Enea Silvio Piccolomini Corsignano, Republic of Siena 52 / 58  
211 30 August 1464
- 26 July 1471
(6 years, 330 days)
Pietrobarbo.jpg Paul II
Papa
PAULUS Secundus
Pietro Barbo Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 54 Nephew of Eugene IV
212 9 August 1471
- 12 August 1484
(13 years, 3 days)
Pope Sixtus IV (head).jpg Sixtus IV, O.F.M.
Papa
XYSTUS Quartus
Francesco della Rovere Celle Ligure, Republic of Genoa 57 / 70 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel. Authorized an Inquisition targeting converted (Jewish) Christians in Spain, at the request of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
213 29 August 1484
- 25 July 1492
(7 years, 331 days)
Innocent VIII.JPG Innocent VIII
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Octavus
Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Republic of Genoa 51 / 59 [B] Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
214 11 August 1492
- 18 August 1503
(11 years, 7 days)
Pope Alexander Vi.jpg Alexander VI
Papa
ALEXANDER Sextus
Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 61 / 72 Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

16th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
215 22 September 1503
- 18 October 1503
(0 years, 26 days)
Pius III, Nordisk familjebok.png Pius III
Papa
PIUS Tertius
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Republic of Siena 64 / 64 Nephew of Pius II
216 31 October 1503
- 21 February 1513
(9 years, 113 days)
Raffaello - Papa Giulio II - Uffizi.jpg Julius II
Papa
IULIUS Secundus
Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Republic of Genoa 59 / 69 Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Proposed plans for rebuilding of St Peter's Basilica
217 9 March 1513
- 1 December 1521
(8 years, 267 days)
Pope-leo10.jpg Leo X
Papa
LEO Decimus
Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 37 / 45 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther. Extended the Spanish Inquisition into Portugal.
218 9 January 1522
- 14 September 1523
(1 year, 248 days)
Hadrian VI.jpg Adrian VI
Papa
HADRIANUS Sextus
Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) 62 / 64 The only Dutch pope but also known as a German Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
219 26 November 1523
- 25 September 1534
(10 years, 303 days)
Clement VII. Sebastiano del Piombo. c.1531..jpg Clement VII
Papa
CLEMENS Septimus
Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 45 / 56 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1530. His niece Catherine de' Medici was married to the future Henry II of France.
220 13 October 1534
- 10 November 1549
(15 years, 28 days)
Tizian 083b.jpg Paul III
Papa
PAULUS Tertius
Alessandro Farnese Canino, Lazio, Papal States 66 / 81 Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
221 7 February 1550
- 29 March 1555
(5 years, 50 days)
Julius III.jpg Julius III
Papa
IULIUS Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Papal States 62 / 67  
222 9 April 1555
- 30 April or 1 May 1555
(0 years, 21/22 days)
Pope Marcellus II.jpg Marcellus II
Papa
MARCELLUS Secundus
Marcello Cervini Montefano, Marche, Papal States 53 / 53 Last to use birth name as regnal name
223 23 May 1555
- 18 August 1559
(4 years, 87 days)
Pope Paul IV.PNG Paul IV, C.R.
Papa
PAULUS Quartus
Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples 78 / 83  
224 26 December 1559
- 9 December 1565
(5 years, 348 days)
Pius IV 2.jpg Pius IV
Papa
PIUS Quartus
Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Duchy of Milan 60 / 66 Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
225 7 January 1566
- 1 May 1572
(6 years, 115 days)
El Greco 050.jpg St Pius V, O.P.
Papa
PIUS Quintus
Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Duchy of Milan 61 / 68 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
226 13 May 1572
- 10 April 1585
(12 years, 332 days)
Gregory XIII.jpg Gregory XIII
Papa
GREGORIUS Tertius Decimus
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Papal States 70 / 83 Reform of the calendar 1582
227 24 April 1585
- 27 August 1590
(5 years, 125 days)
Sixtus5.jpg Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa
XYSTUS Quintus
Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order.
228 15 September 1590
- 27 September 1590
(0 years, 12 days)
  Urban VII
Papa
URBANUS Septimus
Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Papal States 69 / 69 Shortest-reigning pope; died before coronation.
229 5 December 1590
- 15/16 October 1591
(0 years, 314/315 days)
Gregory XIV.PNG Gregory XIV
Papa
GREGORIUS Quartus Decimus
Niccolò Sfondrati Somma Lombardo, Duchy of Milan 55 / 56  
230 29 October 1591
- 30 December 1591
(0 years, 62 days)
Innocent IX 2.jpg Innocent IX
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Nonus
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Papal States 72 / 72  
231 30 January 1592
- 3 March 1605
(13 years, 32 days)
Clement viii.jpg Clement VIII
Papa
CLEMENS Octavus
Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Papal States 55 / 69  

17th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
232 1 April 1605
- 27 April 1605
(0 years, 26 days)
Leo XI 2.jpg Leo XI
Papa
LEO Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Duchy of Florence 69 / 69  
233 16 May 1605
- 28 January 1621
(15 years, 257 days)
Pope Paul V.jpg Paul V
Papa
PAULUS Quintus
Camillo Borghese Rome, Papal States 52 / 68 Known for building projects, including the facade of St Peter's Basilica.
234 9 February 1621
- 8 July 1623
(2 years, 149 days)
Pope Gregory XV.jpg Gregory XV
Papa
GREGORIUS Quintus Decimus
Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Papal States 67 / 69  
235 6 August 1623
- 29 July 1644
(20 years, 358 days)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Portrait d'Urbain VIII.jpg Urban VIII
Papa
URBANUS Octavus
Maffeo Barberini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 55 / 76 Trial against Galileo Galilei
236 15 September 1644
- 7 January 1655
(10 years, 114 days)
Innocent-x-velazquez.jpg Innocent X
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Decimus
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Papal States 70 / 80  
237 7 April 1655
- 22 May 1667
(12 years, 45 days)
Alexander VII.jpg Alexander VII
Papa
ALEXANDER Septimus
Fabio Chigi Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 56 / 68  
238 20 June 1667
- 9 December 1669
(2 years, 172 days)
Clemens IX.jpg Clement IX
Papa
CLEMENS Nonus
Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 67 / 69  
239 29 April 1670
- 22 July 1676
(6 years, 84 days)
Clement X.jpg Clement X
Papa
CLEMENS Decimus
Emilio Altieri Rome, Papal States 79 / 86  
240 21 September 1676
- 11/12 August 1689
(12 years, 324/325 days)
InnocentXI.jpg Bd. Innocent XI
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Undecimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Duchy of Milan 65 / 78  
241 6 October 1689
- 1 February 1691
(1 year, 118 days)
Alexander VIII 1.jpg Alexander VIII
Papa
ALEXANDER Octavus
Piètro Vito Ottoboni Venice, Republic of Venice 79 / 80  
242 12 July 1691
- 27 September 1700
(9 years, 77 days)
Pope Innocent XII.PNG Innocent XII
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples 76 / 85  
243 23 November 1700
- 19 March 1721
(20 years, 116 days)
Clement XI.jpg Clement XI
Papa
CLEMENS Undecimus
Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Papal States 51 / 71 Chinese Rites controversy

18th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
244 8 May 1721
- 7 March 1724
(2 years, 304 days)
InnocientXIII.jpg Innocent XIII
Papa
INNOCENTIUS Tertius Decimus
Michelàngelo de' Conti Poli, Làzio, Papal States 65 / 68  
245 29 May 1724
- 21 February 1730
(5 years, 268 days)
Benedict XIII.jpg Benedict XIII, O.P.
Papa
BENEDICTUS Tertius Decimus
Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples 75 / 81 Member of the Dominican Order.
246 12 July 1730
- 6 February 1740
(9 years, 209 days)
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg Clement XII
Papa
CLEMENS Duodecimus
Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 78 / 87  
247 17 August 1740
- 3 May 1758
(17 years, 259 days)
Benoit XIV.jpg Benedict XIV
Papa
BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus
Pròspero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Papal States 65 / 83  
248 6 July 1758
- 2 February 1769
(10 years, 211 days)
Clement xii.jpg Clement XIII
Papa
CLEMENS Tertius Decimus
Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Republic of Venice 65 / 75  
249 19 May 1769
- 22 September 1774
(5 years, 126 days)
Clemens XIV.PNG Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa
CLEMENS Quartus Decimus
Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant' Arcàngelo di Romagna, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
250 15 February 1775
- 29 August 1799
(24 years, 195 days)
Popepiusvi.jpg Pius VI
Papa
PIUS Sextus
Count Giovanni Àngelo Braschi Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.
251 14 March 1800
- 20 August 1823
(23 years, 159 days)
Jacques-Louis David 018.jpg Pius VII, O.S.B.
Papa
PIUS Septimus
Count Barnaba Niccolò Marìa Luigi Chiaramonti Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.

19th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
252 28 September 1823
- 10 February 1829
(5 years, 135 days)
Pope Leo XII.PNG Leo XII
Papa
LEO Duodecimus
Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga Genga or Spoleto, Papal States 63 / 68  
253 31 March 1829
- 1 December 1830
(1 year, 245 days)
Pope Pius VIII.PNG Pius VIII
Papa
PIUS Octavus
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Papal States 67 / 69  
254 2 February 1831
- 1 June 1846
(15 years, 119 days)
Gregory XVI.jpg Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam.
Papa
GREGORIUS Sextus Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Republic of Venice 65 / 80 Member of the Camaldolese Order. The last non-bishop to be elected
255 16 June 1846
- 7 February 1878
(31 years, 236 days)
Popepiusix.jpg Bd. Pius IX, O.F.S.
Papa
PIUS Nonus
Count Giovanni Marìa Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Papal States 54 / 85 Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history (see note on St Peter.)
256 20 February 1878
- 20 July 1903
(25 years, 150 days)
Leo XIII.jpg Leo XIII, O.F.S.
Papa
LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Rome département, French Empire (now Italy) 67 / 93 Issued the encyclical on social teaching, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian democracy as against communism; the third-longest reigning pope after Pius IX and John Paul II.

20th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
257 4 August 1903
- 20 August 1914
(11 years, 16 days)
PiusX, Bain.jpg St Pius X
Papa
PIUS Decimus
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 68 / 79 Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion. Most recent pope to be canonized.
258 3 September 1914
- 22 January 1922
(7 years, 141 days)
Benedictus XV.jpg Benedict XV
Papa
BENEDICTUS Quintus Decimus
Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chièsa Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia 59 / 67 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. Remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as "prophet of peace".
259 6 February 1922
- 10 February 1939
(17 years, 4 days)
PiusXI33861u.jpg Pius XI
Papa
PIUS Undecimus
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 64 / 81 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
260 2 March 1939
- 9 October 1958
(19 years, 221 days)
PiusXII12.jpg Ven. Pius XII
Papa
PIUS Duodecimus
Eugenio Marìa Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy 63 / 82 Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
261 28 October 1958
- 3 June 1963
(4 years, 218 days)
  Bd. John XXIII
Papa
IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius
Àngelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy 76 / 81 Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John".
262 21 June 1963
- 6 August 1978
(15 years, 46 days)
Paolovi.jpg Servant of God Paul VI
Papa
PAULUS Sextus
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Marìa Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy 65 / 80 The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. First pope to travel to the United States. Concluded Second Vatican Council.
263 26 August 1978
- 28 September 1978
(0 years, 33 days)
Joannes paulus I.jpg Servant of God John Paul I
Papa
IOANNES PAULUS Primus
Albino Luciani Forno di Canale, Veneto, Italy 65 / 65 First pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors. Died early into a charismatic reign.
264 16 October 1978
- 2 April 2005
(26 years, 168 days)
JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpg Bd. John Paul II
(John Paul the Great)
Papa
IOANNES PAULUS Secundus
Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland 58 / 84 First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Traveled extensively. Second longest known reign after Pius IX (1846-1878; see note on St Peter); recently beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.

21st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal (Latin)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
26519 April 2005
- present
(7 years, 0 days)
BentoXVI-30-10052007.jpgBenedict XVI
Papa
BENEDICTUS Sextus Decimus
Joseph Alois RatzingerMarktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany78 / -

First German pope since Adrian VI. Oldest to become pope since Clement XII in 1730. Renounced title of Patriarch of the West.

 

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