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Kingdom of Naples
Regno di Napoli
The Kingdom of Naples, comprising the southern part of the Italian peninsula, was the remainder of the old Kingdom of Sicily after secession of the island of Sicily as a result of the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. Known to contemporaries as the Kingdom of Sicily, it is dubbed Kingdom of Naples to distinguish it from the island-based polity. During much of its existence, the realm was contested between French and Aragonese (Spanish) dynasties. In 1816, it again merged with island-based Kingdom of Sicily to form the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Angevin Kingdom of Naples

Following the rebellion, King Charles I of Sicily (Charles of Anjou) was forced to leave the island of Sicily by Peter III of Aragon's troops. Charles, however, maintained his possessions on the mainland, customarily known as the "Kingdom of Naples", after its capital city. Charles and his Angevin successors maintained a claim to Sicily, warring against the Aragonese until 1373, when Queen Joan I of Naples formally renounced the claim. Joan's reign was contested by Louis the Great, the Angevin King of Hungary, who captured the kingdom several times (1348-1352).

Queen Joan I also played a part in the ultimate demise of the first Kingdom of Naples. As she was childless, she adopted Louis I, Duke of Anjou as her heir, in spite of the claims of her cousin, the Prince of Durazzo, effectively setting up a junior Angevin line in competition with the senior line. This led to Joan I's murder at the hands of the Prince of Durazzo in 1382, and his seizing the throne as Charles III of Naples. The two competing Angevin lines contested each other for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples over the following decades. Charles III's daughter Joan II (r. 1414-1435) adopted Alfonso V of Aragon (whom she later repudiated) and Louis III of Anjou as heirs alternately, finally settling succession on Louis' brother René of Anjou of the junior Angevin line, and he succeeded her in 1435. René of Anjou temporarily united the claims of junior and senior Angevin lines. In 1442, however, Alfonso V conquered the Kingdom of Naples and unified Sicily and Naples once again as dependencies of Aragon. At his death in 1458, the kingdom was again separated and Naples was inherited by Ferrante, Alfonso's illegitimate son.

Aragonese and Spanish Kingdom of Naples

When Ferrante died in 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy, using the Angevin claim to the throne of Naples, which his father had inherited on the death of King René's nephew in 1481, as a pretext, thus beginning the Italian Wars. Charles VIII expelled Alfonso II of Naples from Naples in 1495, but was soon forced to withdraw due to the support of Ferdinand II of Aragon for his cousin, Alfonso II's son Ferrantino. Ferrantino was restored to the throne, but died in 1496, and was succeeded by his uncle, Frederick IV. The French, however, did not give up their claim, and in 1501 agreed to a partition of the kingdom with Ferdinand of Aragon, who abandoned his cousin King Frederick. The deal soon fell through, however, and Aragon and France resumed their war over the kingdom, ultimately resulting in an Aragonese victory leaving Ferdinand in control of the kingdom by 1504.

The kingdom continued to be a focus of dispute between France and Spain for the next several decades, but French efforts to gain control of it became feebler as the decades went on, and Spanish control was never genuinely endangered. The French finally abandoned their claims to the kingdom by the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis in 1559. With the Treaty of London (1557) the new territory of "Stato dei Presidi" (State of Presidi) was born and was governed directly by Spain, as part of the Kingdom of Naples.

Austrian Habsburg and Spanish Bourbon Kingdom of Naples

After the War of the Spanish Succession in the early 18th century, possession of the kingdom again changed hands. Under the terms of the Treaty of Rastatt in 1714, Naples was given to Charles VI, the Holy Roman Emperor. He also gained control of Sicily in 1720, but Austrian rule did not last long. Both Naples and Sicily were conquered by a Spanish army during the War of the Polish Succession in 1734, and Charles, Duke of Parma, a younger son of King Philip V of Spain was installed as King of Naples and Sicily from 1735. When Charles inherited the Spanish throne from his older half-brother in 1759, he left Naples and Sicily to his younger son, Ferdinand IV. Despite the two Kingdoms being in a personal union under the Austrian and Spanish dynasts, they remained constitutionally separate.

Being a member of the House of Bourbon, Ferdinand IV was a natural opponent of the French Revolution and Napoleon. In 1798, he briefly occupied Rome, but was expelled from it by French Revolutionary forces within the year. Soon afterwards Ferdinand fled to Sicily. In January 1799 the French armies installed a Parthenopaean Republic, but this proved short-lived, and a peasant counter-revolution inspired by the clergy allowed Ferdinand to return to his capital. However in 1801 Ferdinand was compelled to make important concessions to the French by the Treaty of Florence, which reinforced France's position as the dominant power in mainland Italy.

Napoleonic Kingdom of Naples

Ferdinand's decision to ally with the Third Coalition against Napoleon in 1805 proved more damaging. In 1806, following decisive victories over the allied armies at Austerlitz and over the Neapolitans at Campo Tenese, Napoleon installed his brother, Joseph as King of Naples. When Joseph was sent off to Spain two years later, he was replaced by Napoleon's sister Caroline and his brother-in-law Marshal Joachim Murat, as King of the Two Sicilies.

Meanwhile, Ferdinand had fled to Sicily, where he retained his throne, despite successive attempts by Murat to invade the island. The British would defend Sicily for the remainder of the war but despite the Kingdom of Sicily nominally being part of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Coalitions against Napoleon, Ferdinand and the British were unable to ever challenge French control of the Italian mainland.

After Napoleon's defeat in 1814, Murat reached an agreement with Austria and was allowed to retain the throne of Naples, despite the lobbying efforts of Ferdinand and his supporters. However, with most of the other powers, particularly Britain, hostile towards him and dependent on the uncertain support of Austria, Murat's position became less and less secure. Therefore when Napoleon returned to France for the Hundred Days in 1815, Murat once again sided with him. Realising the Austrians would soon attempt to remove him, Murat gave the Rimini Proclamation in a hope to save his kingdom by allying himself with Italian nationalists. The ensuing Neapolitan War between Murat and the Austrians was short, ending with a decisive victory for the Austrian forces at the Battle of Tolentino. Murat was forced to flee, and Ferdinand IV of Sicily was restored to the throne of Naples. Murat would attempt to regain his throne but was quickly captured and executed by firing squad in Pizzo, Calabria. The next year, 1816, finally saw the formal union of the Kingdom of Naples with the Kingdom of Sicily into the new Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

List of the Kings of Naples - 1734 - 1816
House of Bourbon (1734-1799)
Charles VI Charles VII
2 June 1734 -
6 October 1759
Maria Amalia of Saxony
thirteen children
Son of Philip V of Spain.

His armies conquered Naples in 1734 during the
War of the Polish Succession. In 1738, the Treaty of Vienna recognized Naples as an independent kingdom under a cadet branch of the Spanish Bourbons.
Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
6 October 1759 -
23 January 1799
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia

(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Fled in face of the French invasion, which installed the
Parthenopaean Republic

 Parthenopaean Republic (1799)

Parthenopaean Republic Directory 23 January 1799 -
13 June 1799
  Installed by the French army but ended by a peasant counter-revolution.

 House of Bourbon (1799-1806)

Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
13 June 1799 -
30 March 1806
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia

(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Restored after the demise of the Parthenopaean Republic.

 Napoleonic client state (1806-1815)

Joseph I Joseph Bonaparte
30 March 1806 -
8 July 1808
Julie Clary
(1 August 1794)
three children
Son of Carlo Buonaparte.

Installed by his brother
Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Naples, later replaced by his brother-in-law, Joachim Murat.
Joachim I Joachim Murat
1 August 1808 -
22 May 1815
Caroline Bonaparte
(1 August 1794)
three children
Son of Pierre Murat-Jordy.

Installed by his brother-in-law
Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Naples.[1] Deposed and executed at Pizzo, Calabria after the Hundred Days.

 House of Bourbon (1815-1816)

Ferdinand IV Ferdinand IV
22 May 1815 -
8 December 1816
Marie Caroline of Austria
(12 May 1768)
seventeen children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia

(27 November 1814)
no children
Son of Charles VII.

Restored to his kingdom after the end of Joachim Murat.

Merged the two Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily into the new
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1816, taking the new title of Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies.

The Family Titles and Styles  
The present children, and the children of sons, of the head of the house, bear the title Prince or Princess Royal of Bourbon-Two Sicilies together with the formal appellation of His or Her Royal Highness,  Other members of this family bear the title Prince or Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies together with the formal appellation of His or Her Royal Highness.
The Genealogy of the Royal House of Bourbon
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos III; Italian: Carlo III; 20 January 1716 - 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the eldest son of Philip V of Spain and is second wife, the Princess Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the fifteen-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Charles I, at the death of his childless great uncle Antonio Farnese, Duke of Parma.
Fernando, Infant of Spain, was ceded Naples and Sicily by his father, King Carlos III of Spain, in 1759, becoming King FERDINANDO IV of Naples and Sicily; from 8 Dec 1816 he was called King FERDINANDO I of the Two Sicilies (Naples 18 Jan 1751-Naples 4 Jan 1825); m.1st by proxy at Vienna 7 Apr 1768 and in person at Caserta 12 May 1768 Maria Karoline, Archdss of Austria (Schönbrunn 13 Aug 1752-Schloß Hetzendorf 8 Sep 1814); m.2d (morganatically) Palermo 27 Nov 1814 Donna Lucia Migliaccio Duchessa di Floridia (Syracuse 19 Jul 1770- Naples 26 Apr 1826)

1a) Maria Teresa Carolina Giuseppina (Naples 6 Jun 1772-Vienna 13 Apr 1807); m.by proxy at Naples 15 Aug 1792 and in person at Vienna 19 Sep 1792 Emperor Franz of Austria (Florence 12 Feb 1768-Vienna 2 Mar 1835)

2a) Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa (Naples 27 Jul 1773-Vienna 19 Sep 1802); m.by proxy at Naples 15 Aug 1790 and in person at Vienna 19 Sep 1790 Ferdinando III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria (Florence 6 May 1769-Florence 18 Jun 1824)

3a) Carlo Francesco Giuseppe Gennaro, Duca di Calabria, (Naples 4 Jan 1775-Naples 17 Dec 1778)

4a) Maria Anna Giuseppa Antonietta Francesca Gaetana Teresa Amalia Clementina (Naples 23 Nov 1775-Naples 22 Feb 1780)

5a) FRANCESCO I Gennaro Giuseppe Saverio Giovanni Battista, King of the Two Sicilies (Naples 19 Aug 1777- Naples 8 Nov 1830); m.1st by proxy at Vienna 19 Sep 1790 and in person at Foggia 25 Jun 1797 Clementine, Archdss of Austria (Poggio Imperiale 24 Apr 1777-Naples 15 Nov 1801); m.2d by proxy at Barcelona 6 Jul 1802 and in person at Naples 6 Oct 1802 Maria Isabella Infanta of Spain (Madrid 6 Jul 1789-Portici 13 Sep 1848)

1b) Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Luisa, Cts de Rony 1830 (Naples 5 Nov 1798-Brunnsee 17 Apr 1870); m.1st by proxy at Naples 24 Apr 1816 and in person at Paris 17 Jun 1816 Charles of France Duc de Berry (Versailles 24 Jan 1778-assassinated Paris 14 Feb 1820); m.2d Rome 14 Dec 1831 Ettore Carlo Cte Lucchesi Palli Pr di Campofranco, Duca della Grazia (Palermo 2 Aug 1806-Brunnsee 1 Apr 1864)

2b) Ferdinando Francesco d'Assisi (Palermo 27 Aug 1800-Palermo 1 Jul 1801)

3b) Luisa Carlotta Maria Isabella (Portici 24 Oct 1804-Madrid 29 Jan 1844); m.by proxy at Naples 15 Apr 1819 and in person at Madrid 12 Jun 1819 Francisco de Paula Infant of Spain (Madrid 10 Mar 1794-Madrid 13 Aug 1865)

4b) Maria Cristina Ferdinanda (Palermo 27 Apr 1806-Le Havre 22 Aug 1878); m.1st Madrid 11 Dec 1829 King Fernando VII of Spain (San Ildefonso 13 Oct 1784-Madrid 29 Sep 1833); m.2d Madrid 28 Dec 1833 Fernando Muñoz y Sanchez, Duque de Rianzaro (Tarancón 13 Sep 1808-Le Havre 13 Sep 1873)

5b) FERDINANDO II Carlo, King of the Two Sicilies (Palermo 12 Jan 1810-Caserta 22 May 1859); m.1st Voltri 21 Nov 1832 Christina Pss of Savoy (Cagliari 14 Nov 1812-Caserta 31 Jan 1836); m.2d by proxy at Trieste 9 Jan 1837 and in person at Naples 27 Jan 1837 Theresa, Archdss of Austria (Vienna 31 Jul 1816- Albano 8 Aug 1867)

1c) FRANCESCO II d'Assisi Maria Leopoldo, King of the Two Sicilies, lost the throne when the kingdom was annexed to Italy 17 Dec 1860 but held on to territory until he finally surrendered 13 Feb 1861 (Naples 16 Jan 1836-Schloß Arco, Tyrol 27 Dec 1894); m.by proxy at Munich 18 Jan 1859 and in person at Bari 3 Feb 1859 Maria Sophia Dss in Bavaria (Possenhofen 4 Oct 1841-Munich 19 Jan 1925)

1d) Cristina Pia Maria Anna Isabella Natalia Elisa (Rome 24 Dec 1869-Rome 28 Mar 1870)

2c) Lodovico Maria, Cte di Trani (Naples 1 Aug 1838-Paris 8 Jun 1886); m.Munich 5 Jun 1861 Mathilde Dss in Bavaria (Possenhofen 30 Sep 1843-Munich 18 Jun 1925)

1d) Maria Teresa Maddalena (Zürich 15 Jan 1867-Cannes 1 Mar 1909); m.Sigmaringen 27 Jun 1889 Wilhelm Fst von Hohenzollern (Schloß Benrath 7 Mar 1864-Sigmaringen 22 Oct 1927)

3c) Alberto Maria Francesco Cte di Castrogiovanni (Capodimonte 17 Sep 1839-Naples 12 Jul 1844)

4c) ALFONSO Maria Giuseppe Alberto Cte di Caserta (Caserta 28 Mar 1841-Cannes 26 May 1934); m.Rome 8 Jun 1868 Antonietta Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Naples 16 Mar 1851-Freiburg-im- Breisgau 12 Sep 1938; below)

1d) FERDINANDO Pio Maria, Duca di Calabria (Rome 25 Jul 1869-Lindau 7 Jan 1960); m.Munich 31 May 1897 Marie Pss of Bavaria (Villa Amsee 6 Jul 1872-Villa Amsee 10 Jun 1954)

1e) Maria Antonietta Leonia (Madrid 16 Apr 1898-Winterthur, Switzerland 11 Jan 1957)

2e) Maria Cristina (Madrid 4 May 1899-Quito 21 Apr 1985); m.Rome 3 Mar 1948 Manoel Sotomayor-Luna, Vice-President of Ecuador (Quito 27 Nov 1884-Guayaquil 16 Oct 1949)

3e) Ruggiero Maria, Duca di Noto (Sardinero, Santander, Spain 7 Sep 1901-Munich 1 Dec 1914)

4e) Barbara Maria Antonietta Luitpolda (Munich 14 Dec 1902-Peterswaldau 1 Jan 1927); m.Munich 31 May 1922 Franz Xaver Gf zu Stolberg-Wernigerode (Peterswaldau 19 Jul 1894-d.as a POW at Gostynie, Poland 4 May 1947)

5e) Lucie Maria Rainiera (Schloß Nymphenburg 9 Jul 1908-São Paulo 3 Nov 2001); m.Nymphenburg 29 Oct 1938 Eugenio Pr of Savoy, Duke of Ancona (Turin 13 Mar 1906-São Paulo 8 Dec 1996)

6e) Urraca Maria Isabella Carolina Aldegonda Carmela (Schloß Nymphenburg 14 Jul 1913-Sigmaringen 3 May 1999)

2d) Carlo Maria Francesco d'Assisi Pasquale Ferdinando Antonio di Padova Francesco di Paola Alfonso Andreas Avelino Tancredi, renounced his succession rights (but see note above) 14 Dec 1900 and was cr Infant of Spain 7 Feb 1901 (Gries 10 Nov 1870-Seville 11 Nov 1949); m.1st 14 Feb 1901 Maria de las Mercedes Infanta of Spain (Madrid 11 Sep 1880-Madrid 17 Oct 1904); m.2d Woodnorton, Worcs 16 Nov 1907 Pss Louise d'Orléans (Cannes 24 Feb 1882-Seville 18 Apr 1958); his children, in addition to any Two Sicilies titles which were not lost by the renunciation, were Infants of Spain

1e) Alfonso Maria Leo Christinus Alfonso di Liguori Antonio Francesco Saverio (Madrid 30 Nov 1901-Vienna 3 Feb 1964); m.Vienna 16 Apr 1936 Alice Pss of Bourbon-Parma (b.Vienna 13 Nov 1917)

1f) Teresa Maria Francisca Dorothea (b.Lausanne 6 Feb 1937); m.Madrid 16 Apr 1961 Don Iñigo Moreno y Arteaga Marques de Laula (b.Madrid 18 Apr 1934)

2f) Carlos Maria Alfonso Marcel, Duca di Calabria (b.Lausanne 16 Jan 1938); m.(civ) Louveciennes 11 May 1965 (rel) Dreux 11 May 1965 Pss Anne d'Orléans (b.Woluwe-Saint-Pierre 4 Dec 1938)

1g) Cristina Isabella Maria Luisa (b.Madrid 15 Mar 1966); m.Prov Ciudad Real, Spain 15 Jul 1994 Pedro Lopez-Quesada y Fernandez-Urrutia (b.Madrid 26 Jul 1964)

2g) Maria Paloma Diana Irene (b.Madrid 5 Apr 1967); m.La Toledana 13 Jul 1996 Simeon, Archduke of Austria (b.Katana, Belgian Congo 29 Jun 1958)

3g) Pedro Juan Maria Alejo Saturnino y todos los Santos, Duca di Noto (b.Madrid 16 Oct 1968); m.Madrid 30 Mar 2001 Sofia Landaluce y Melgarejo (b.Madrid 23 Nov 1973)

1h) Jaime (b.Madrid 26 Jun 1992)

2h) Juan (b.Madrid 18 Apr 2003)

3h) Pablo (b.Madrid 28 Jun 2004)

4h) Pedro (b.3 Jan 2007)

5h) Sofia (b.Madrid 12 Nov 2008)

6h) Blanca (b.6 Apr 2011)

4g) Inès Maria Alice Anna Isabella (b.Madrid 20 Apr 1971); m.Toledo 13 Oct 2001 Nobile Michele Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano (b.Rome 17 Sep 1965)

5g) Victoria Maria Aline Carolina de la Santissima Trinidad y todos los Santos (b.Madrid 24 May 1976); m.27 Sep 2003 Markos Nomikos (b.Kifissia, Greece 29 Oct 1965)

3f) Inès Maria Alice (b.Ouchy 18 Feb 1940); m.Madrid 21 Jan 1965 Don Luis de Morales y Aguado (Granada 8 Oct 1933-Elche de la Sierra 9 Nov 2000)

2e) Ferdinando Maria Antonio Alfonso Carlo Federico Ignacio Olegario (Madrid 6 Mar 1903-San Sebastian 4 Aug 1905)

3e) Isabella Alfonsa Maria Teresa Antonia Cristina Mercedes Carolina Adelaide Raphaela (Madrid 10 Oct 1904-Madrid 18 Jul 1985); m.Madrid 9 Mar 1929 Ct Jan Zamoyski (Cracow 17 Aug 1900-Monte Carlo 28 Sep 1961)

4e) Carlo Maria Ferdinando Luigi Filippo Lorenzo Justiniano (Santillana, Santander, Spain 5 Sep 1908-k.a.Elgoibar 27 Sep 1936)

5e) Maria de los Dolores Victoria Filippa Maria de las Mercedes Luisa Carlota Eugenia (Madrid 15 Nov 1909-Madrid 11 May 1996); m.1st (civ) Lausanne 12 Aug 1937 (rel) Ouchy, Switzerland 12 Aug 1937 Pr August Czartoryski (Warsaw 20 Oct 1907-Seville 1 Jul 1946); m.2d Seville 29 Dec 1950 Carlos Chias Osorio (b.Barcelona 26 Feb 1925)

6e) Maria de las Mercedes Cristina Januaria Isabella Luisa Carolina Victoria (Madrid 23 Sep 1910-Lanzarote, Canary Islands 2 Jan 2000); m.Rome 12 Oct 1935 Juan Infant of Spain, Cde de Barcelona (San Ildefonso 20 Jun 1913-Pamplona 1 Apr 1993)

7e) Maria de la Esperanza Amalia Raniera Maria Rosario Luisa Gonzaga (Madrid 14 Jun 1914-Villamanrique de la Condesa 8 Aug 2005); m.Seville 18 Dec 1944 Pedro Gastão Pr of Orléans-Braganza (Château d'Eu 19 Feb 1913-Seville 27 Dec 2007)

3d) Francesco di Paola (Rorschach 14 Jul 1873-Paris 26 Jun 1876)

4d) Gennaro Maria Francesco di Paola (Cannes 24 Jan 1882-Cannes 11 Apr 1944); m.London 27 Jun 1922 Beatrice Dorothy Bordessa, Ctsa si Villa Colli (Saltney, Cheshire 29 Dec 1879-West Malling 20 Aug 1963)

5d) Maria Immacolata Cristina Pia Isabella (Cannes 30 Oct 1874-Muri 28 Nov 1947); m.Cannes 30 Oct 1906 Johann Georg Pr of Saxony (Dresden 10 Jul 1869-Altshausen 24 Nov 1938)

6d) Maria Cristina Carolina Pia (Cannes 10 Apr 1877-St.Gilgen 4 Oct 1947); m.Cannes 8 Nov 1900 Peter Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, Pr of Tuscany (Salzburg 12 May 1874-St.Gilgen 8 Nov 1948)

7d) Maria Pia Chiara Anna (Cannes 12 Aug 1878-Mandelieu 20 Jun 1973); m.Cannes 4 Nov 1908 Luiz Pr of Orléans-Braganza (Petrópolis 26 Jan 1878-Cannes 26 Mar 1920)

8d) Maria Giuseppina Antonietta (Cannes 25 Feb 1880-Cannes 22 Jul 1971)

9d) Ranieri Maria Gaetano, Duca di Castro (Cannes 3 Dec 1883-La Combe 13 Jan 1973); m.Druzbaki 12 Sep 1923 Css Karoline Zamoyska (Cracow 22 Sep 1896-Marseille 9 May 1968)

1e) Maria del Carmen Carolina Antonia (b.Podzamcze 13 Jul 1924)

2e) Ferdinando Maria Andrea Alfonso Marcus, Duca di Castro (Podzamcze 28 May 1926-Draguignan 20 Mar 2008); m.Giez 23 Jul 1949 Chantal de Chevron-Villette (Le Cannet des Maures 10 Jan 1925-Suresnes 24 May 2005)

1f) Béatrice Marie Caroline Louise Françoise (b.St.Raphael 16 Jun 1950); m.Paris 19 Dec 1978 (div 1989) Charles, Pr Napoléon (b.Boulogne-sur-Seine 19 Oct 1950)

2f) Anna Marie Caroline Carmen (b.St.Raphael 24 Apr 1957); m.Roquebrunne- sur-Argens (civ) 7 Sep (rel) 9 Sep 1977 (div) Jacques Cochin (b.Vichy 23 Mar 1951)

3f) Charles Marie Bernard Gennaro, Duca di Calabria (b.St.Raphael 24 Feb 1963); m.Monaco 31 Oct 1998 Camilla Crociani (b.Rome 5 Apr 1971)

1g) Maria-Carolina Chantal Edoarda Beatrice Januaria (b.Rome 23 Jun 2003)

2g) Maria Chiara Amalia Carola Louise Carmen (b.Rome 1 Jan 2005)

10d) Filippo Maria Alfonso Antonio Ferdinando Francisco di Paola Lodovico Enrico Alberto Taddeo Francesco Saverio Uberto (Cannes 10 Dec 1885-St.John, New Brunswick 9 Mar 1949); m.1st Neuilly (civ) 10 Jan 1916 (rel) 15 Jan 1916 (annulled 1925) Pss Marie Louise d'Orléans (Neuilly 31 Dec 1896-New York City 8 Mar 1973); m.2d Paris 10 Jan 1927 Odette Labori (Paris 22 Nov 1902-Le Kremlin-Bicetre 19 Jun 1968)

1e) Gaëtano Maria Alfonso Enrico Paolo (Cannes 16 Apr 1917-Harare 27 Dec 1984); m.Paddington 16 Feb 1946 Olivia Yarrow (Dumfries 16 Jul 1917-Harare, Zimbabwe 24 May 1987)

1f) Adrian Philip de Bourbon (b.Warrington 7 Apr 1948); m.Harare [Salisbury] 20 Mar 1976 Linda Rose Idensohn (b.Salisbury, Rhodesia 3 Feb 1950)

1g) Philippe Charles de Bourbon (b.Harare 5 May 1977)

2g) Michelle Laura de Bourbon (b.Harare 12 Feb 1979); m.Groot Constantia, Cape Town 8 Apr 2009 James T D Moss-Gibbons

2f) Gregory Peter de Bourbon (b.Warrington 2 Jan 1950); m.1st Rusape, Rhodesia 15 May 1971 (div) Maureen Marjorie Powell (b.Bulawayo 19 Apr 1951); m.2d Brisbane 30 Aug 1986 Carrie Anne Thornley (b.Cessnock, New South Wales 2 Feb 1945)

1g) Christian Peter de Bourbon (b.Vancouver 11 Apr 1974); m.Marondera, Zimbabwe 26 Apr 1997 Brigette Dick

2g) Raymond de Bourbon (b.Harare 8 Nov 1978)

11d) Francesco d'Assisi Maria Ferdinando Eudo (Cannes 13 Jan 1888-Cannes 26 Mar 1914)

12d) Gabriele Maria Giuseppe Carlo Ignazio Antonio Alfonso Pietro Giovanni Gerardo di Majella et Omni Sancti, naturalized in Spain and granted the title Pr de Borbón (Royal Highness) for himself and his children (Cannes 11 Jan 1897-Itu, Sao Paulo, Brazil 22 Oct 1975); m.1st Paris 25 Aug 1927 Pss Malgorzata Czartoryski (Warsaw 17 Aug 1902-Cannes 8 Mar 1929); m.2d Cracow 15 Sep 1932 Pss Cecilia Lubomirska (Poreba Wielka 28 Jun 1907-São Paulo 20 Sep 2001)

1e) Antoine Marie Joseph Alphonse Adam et omnes sancti (b.Cannes 20 Jan 1929); m.Altshausen (civ) 18 Jul (rel) 19 Jul 1958 Elisabeth, Dss of Württemberg (b.Stuttgart 2 Feb 1933)

1f) Franz Philipp Maria Joseph Gabriel (b.Ravensburg 20 Jun 1960); m.Geneva 2 Jun 2000 (rel) 17 Jun 2000 Alexandra Gfn von Schönborn-Wiesentheid (b.Zürich 2 Jun 1967)

1g) Antoine Gaetano Nicolas Istvan Marie (b.Geneva 6 Jun 2003)

2g) Dorothée Maria Amalia Tatiana Hélène (b.Zürich 10 May 2005)

2f) Maria Carolina Johanna Rosa Cecilia (b.Friedrichshafen 18 Jul 1962); m.Tübingen (civ) 6 May 1988 (rel) 26 Aug 1989 Andreas Baumbach (b.Tübingen 30 Apr 1963)

3f) Gennaro Maria Pio Casimir b.(Ravensburg 27 Jan 1966)

4f) Maria Annunziata Urraca Margarita Elisabeth (b.Friedrichshafen 4 Mar 1973); m.Helsinki 2 Aug 2003 Ct Carl Fredrik Creutz (b.1 Nov 1971)

2e) Jean (Giovanni) Maria Casimir (Warsaw 30 Jun 1933-Madrid 25 Dec 2000)

3e) Maria Margarita Therese Antoinette Alfonsine Casimira (b.Warsaw 16 Nov 1934); m.San Miguel de Jerez de la Frontera, Spain 11 Jun 1962 Luis Gonzaga Maldonado y Gordon (b.Madrid 17 Nov 1932)

4e) Marie Immaculata (b.Warsaw 25 Jun 1937); m.San Carlos, Ibiza 29 Jun 1970 (div 1979) Miguel Garcia de Saéz y Tellecea (Pamplona 6 Sep 1921-Madrid 12 Mar 1982)

5e) Casimir Maria Alfons Gabriel (b.Warsaw 8 Nov 1938); m.Jacarezinho, Brazil 29 Jan 1967 Maria Cristina Pss of Savoy (Castelo Miramar 12 Sep 1933)

1f) Luis Alfonso (b.Rio de Janeiro 28 Nov 1970); m.São Paolo 22 Oct 1998 Christine Apovian (b.São Paolo 20 May 1969)

1g) Anna Sophia (b.São Paulo 9 Apr 1999)

2f) Anna Cecilia (b.São Paulo 24 Dec 1971); m.Verchers-sur-Layon 18 Aug 2005 (rel) Turin 19 Sep 2005 Cte Rodolphe Jean Etienne Marie de Vincens de Causans (b.Chesnay 22 Jan 1973)

3f) Elena Sofia (b.São Paulo 10 Sep 1973)

4f) Alexander Henrique (b.São Paulo 9 Aug 1974); ordained a priest at Rome 22 Dec 2007

5c) Maria Annunziata Isabella Filomena Sabasia (Caserta 24 Mar 1843-Vienna 4 May 1871); m.by proxy at Rome 16 Oct 1862 and in person at Venice 21 Oct 1862 Karl Ludwig, Archduke of Austria (Schönbrunn 30 Jul 1833-Vienna 19 May 1896)

6c) Maria Immacolata Clementina (Naples 14 Apr 1844-Vienna 18 Feb 1899); m.Rome 19 Sep 1861 Karl Salvator, Archduke of Austria, Pr of Tuscany (Florence 30 Apr 1839-Vienna 18 Jan 1892)

7c) Gaëtano Maria Federico, Cte di Girgenti (Naples 12 Jan 1846-Luzern 26 Nov 1871); m.Madrid 13 May 1868 Isabel Infanta of Spain (Madrid 20 Dec 1851-Paris 23 Apr 1931)

8c) Giuseppe Maria, Cte di Lucera (Naples 4 Mar 1848-Portici 28 Sep 1851)

9c) Maria delle Grazie Pia (Gaeta 2 Aug 1849-Biarritz 29 Sep 1882); m.Rome 5 Apr 1869 Duke Robert I of Parma (Florence 9 Jul 1848-Pianore 16 Nov 1907)

10c) Vincenzo Maria, Cte di Melazzo (Naples 26 Apr 1851-Caserta 13 Oct 1854)

11c) Pasquale Baylen Maria del Carmine Giovanni-Battista Vincenzo-Ferreri Michele Arcangel Francesco di Paola Ferdinando Francesco di Assisi Luigi-Re Alfonso Gaetano Giuseppe Pietro Paolo Gennaro Luigi-Gonzaga Giovanni Giuseppe della Croce Gaspare Melchiore Baldassare Alberto Sebastiano Giorgio Venanzio Emanuele Placido Andrea-Avelino Rocco Pacifico Francesco di Geronimo Felice Teziano Ana Filomena Sebazia Lucia Luitgarda Apollina, Cte di Bari (Caserta 15 Sep 1852-La Malmaison 21 Dec 1904); m.Clichy la Garenne 20 Nov 1878 Blanche Marconnay (Paris 27 Aug 1848-Paris 12 Apr 1926)

12c) Maria Immacolata Luisa (Naples 21 Jan 1855-Pau 23 Aug 1874); m.Cannes 25 Nov 1873 Henri Pr of Bourbon-Parma, Ct of Bardi (Parma 12 Feb 1851-Menton 14 Apr 1905)

13c) Gennaro Maria Immacolata Luigi, Cte di Caltagirone (Caserta 28 Feb 1857-Albano 13 Aug 1867)

6b) Carlo Ferdinando, Pr di Capua (Palermo 10 Nov 1811-Turin 22 Apr 1862); m.Gretna Green 5 Apr 1836 Penelope Smyth, called Dssa di Marescata (19 Jul 1815-Château de Marlie 14 Dec 1882)

1c) Francesco Ferdinando Carlo di Borbone, Cte di Mascali (24 Mar 1837-Lucca 2 Jun 1862?; note: this death date is given in most sources, but I received the following from Maurice Saleck to the effect that he survived until at least 1918: "Toutes les généalogies concernant la Maison Royale des DEUX-SICILES qui se copient les unes sur les autres commettent la même erreur: elles font mourir le comte de Mascali en 1862...alors qu'il a survécu jusqu'en ...1918!!!J'ai découvert cette erreur l'an dernier en visitant la Villa reale di Marlia que le roi d'Italie avait mise à la disposition de Pénélope SMITH, la veuve du Prince de CAPOUE et de ses deux enfants: Francesco et Vittoria. Le malheureux garçon,titré comte de Mascali--du nom d'un apanage sicilien du prince de CAPOUE qui lui fut confisqué par son frère Ferdinand II pour le punir de son mariage morganatique avec Pénéloe--est mort fou. Il avait été placé sous tutelle et survivait grâce à une pension que lui versait le roi Victor Emmanuel sur sa cassette personnelle. Le nouveau roi d'Italie n'était pas ingrat: en aidant ainsi la veuve et les enfants de Charles de BOURBON,prince de Capoue il témoignait sa reconnaissance à un princequi lui avait apporté son soutien.CAPOUE est mort à Turin en 1862 et je le répète son fills, liu est disparu en 1918")

2c) Vittoria Augusta Lodovica Isabella Amelia Filomena Elena Penelope di Borbone, Ctsa di Mascali (15 May 1838-Lucca 9 Aug 1895)

7b) Leopoldo Beniamino Giuseppe, Cte di Siracusa (Palermo 22 May 1813-Pisa 4 Dec 1860); m.Naples 16 Jun 1837 Maria Pss of Savoy-Carignano (29 Sep 1814-Naples 2 Jan 1874)

1c) Isabella (Naples 23 Mar 1838-Naples 24 Mar 1838)

8b) Maria Antonietta Anna (Palermo 19 Dec 1814-Orth 7 Nov 1898); m.Naples 7 Jun 1833 Leopoldo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria (Florence 3 Oct 1797-Rome 29 Jan 1870)

9b) Antonio Pasquale, Cte di Lecce (Palermo 23 Sep 1816-Pozzuoli 12 Jan 1843)

10b) Maria Amelia (Pozzuoli 25 Feb 1818-Madrid 6 Nov 1857); m.Madrid 25 May 1832 Sebastian Infant of Spain and Portugal (Rio de Janeiro 4 Nov 1811-Pau 13 Feb 1875)

11b) Maria Carolina Ferdinanda (Naples 29 Nov 1820-Trieste 14 Jan 1861); m.Caserta 10 Jul 1850 Carlos Infant of Spain (Madrid 31 Jan 1818-Trieste 13 Jan 1861)

12b) Teresa Maria Cristina (Naples 14 Mar 1822-Oporto 28 Dec 1889); m.by proxy at Naples 30 May 1843 and in person at Rio de Janeiro 4 Sep 1843 Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (Rio de Janeiro 2 Dec 1825-Paris 5 Dec 1891)

13b) Luigi Carlo Maria Giuseppe, Cte di Aquila (Naples 19 Jul 1824-Paris 5 Mar 1897); m.Rio de Janeiro 28 Apr 1844 Januaria, Pss Imperial of Brazil (Rio de Janeiro 11 Mar 1822-Nice 13 Mar 1901)

1c) Luigi Maria Ferdinando Pietro di Alcantara Francesco d'Assisi Gennaro Francesco di Paola Alfonso Luigi di Gonzaga Camillo de Hellis Alexis Raimondo Torillo Sebastiano Filomena, Cte di Roccaguglielma 31 Jan 1872 (Naples 18 Jul 1845-Nice 27 Nov 1909); m.(morganatically) New York 28 May 1869 Amelia Bellow-Hamel y Penot (Havana 19 Jun 1847-Paris 1 Mar 1914)

1d) Maria Gennara Amelia Isabella Luisa Enrichetta Giovanna Bona Nicanoretta Gisela Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Borbon (Havana 10 Jan 1870-Rio de Janeiro 6 Nov 1941); m.Nice 15 Nov 1898 William Louis Freeman (La Bergerie, Noyon, Vaud 6 Oct 1845-Évian-les-Bains 23 Dec 1907)

2d) Luigi Maria Alfonso Cristiano Gennaro Giuseppe Ferdinando Pietro di Alcantara Desiderio Carlo Giovanni Battista Michele Gabriele Raffaele Gonzaga di Borbone Cte di Roccaguglielma (Paris 21 May 1873-Château d'Arkia 17 Jul 1940); m.1st Nice 23 Jan 1898 (div 1910) Enrica Weiss (Naples 23 Feb 1880-Viareggio 27 Dec 1947); m.2d Beaulieu-sur-Mer 5 Jan 1932 Adeline Landegren (Saint-Servain 3 Dec 1875-La Tour de Peilz 23 Feb 1959)

1e) Luigi Maria Carlo Emilio Gennaro Pietro di Alcantara Ferdinando Giuseppe Francesco di Assisi Alfonso Michele Raffaele Gabriele Gonzaga di Borbone Cte di Roccaguglielma (Narni 18 Oct 1898-Paris 12 Apr 1967); m.Paris 26 Sep 1925 Marie Louise deClermont-Tonnerre (Boucq 30 Mar 1894-Boucq 12 May 1941)

1f) Marie Christine Amélie Janvière Léopoldine Louise Jeanne Thérèse Caroline Henriette Françoise Isabelle Gabrielle Victoire de Bourbon; granted title Princess and style HRH by Infante Don Carlos (b.Paris 15 Mar 1933); m.Neuilly-sur-Seine 26 Sep 1957 Michel Denizot (Paris 17 May 1923-10 Mar 2011)

2e) Gennara Maria Pia di Borbone (Narni 7 Jul 1903-Naples 2 Nov 1982); m.Paola 2 May 1930 Alfonso Bongiorno (Acireale 25 Jul 1908-Messina 6 Oct 1980)

3e) Carlo Maria Ferdinando Amedeo di Borbone Cte di Roccaguglielma (Vaccoli 8 Nov 1905-Rome 12 Dec 1968); m.Viareggio 25 Apr 1925 Fanny Greco di Chiaramonte (Buenos Aires 6 Oct 1905-Montevideo, Uruguay 21 May 1977)

1f) Isabella Maria Francesca di Borbone; granted title Princess and style HRH by Prince Ferdinando; (b.Viareggio 17 Apr 1926); m.1st Buenos Aires 2 Aug 1954 (div 1969) José Gutierrez (b.Buenos Aires 16 Apr 1921); m.2d Buenos Aires 7 Jul 1969 Isidoro-Mariano Vejo Rodriguez (Rivera, Uruguay 31 Jan 1915-12 Mar 2007)

2c) Maria Isabella Leopoldina Amelia (Naples 22 Jul 1846-Naples 14 Feb 1859)

3c) Filippo Luigi Maria (Naples 12 Aug 1847-Paris 9 Jul 1922); m.London 23 Sep 1882 Flora Boonen (Figueiras 25 Jul 1847-Guran 22 Oct 1912)

4c) Maria Emanuele Sebastiano Gabriele (Naples 24 Jan 1851-Naples 26 Jan 1851)

14b) Francesco di Paola, Cte di Trapani (Naples 13 Aug 1827-Paris 24 Sep 1892); m.Florence 10 Apr 1850 Isabella, Archdss of Austria, Pss of Tuscany (Florence 21 May 1834-Bürgenstock 14 Jul 1901)

1c) Maria Antonietta Giuseppina Leopoldina (Naples 16 Mar 1851-Freiburg 12 Sep 1938); m.Rome 8 Jun 1868 Alfonso Pr of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Cte di Caserta (1841-1934; above)

2c) Leopoldo Maria (Naples 24 Sep 1853-Rome 4 Sep 1870)

3c) Maria Teresa Ferdinanda Immacolata Conceta Sebasia Luciana Filomena (Naples 7 Jan 1855- Naples 1 Sep 1856)

4c) Maria Carolina Giuseppina Ferdinanda (Naples 20 Mar 1856-Warsaw 7 Apr 1941); m.Paris 19 Nov 1885 Ct Andrzej Zamoyski (Warsaw 10 Jul 1852-Podzamcze 25 Jun 1927)

5c) Ferdinando Maria Giuseppe (Naples 25 May 1857-Naples 22 Jul 1859)

6c) Maria Annunziata (Naples 21 Sep 1858-Paris 20 Mar 1873)

6a) Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa (Caserta 17 Jan 1779-Savona 11 Mar 1849); m.by proxy at Palermo 7 Mar 1807 and in person at Turin 6 Apr 1807 King Charles Felix of Sardinia (Turin 6 Apr 1765-Turin 27 Apr 1831)

7a) Maria Cristina Amelia (Caserta 17 Jan 1779-Naples 26 Feb 1783)

8a) Carlo Gennaro Francesco (Naples 12 Apr 1780-Naples 2 Jan 1789)

9a) Giuseppe Carlo Gennaro (Naples 18 Jun 1781-Naples 19 Dec 1783)

10a) Maria Amelia Teresa (Caserta 26 Apr 1782-Claremont 24 Mar 1866); m.Palermo 25 Nov 1809 Louis Philippe, King of the French (Paris 6 Oct 1773-Claremont House 26 Aug 1850)

11a) Maria Antonietta Teresa Amelia Giovanna Battista Francesca Gaetana Maria Anna Lucia (Caserta 14 Dec 1784-Aranjuez 21 May 1806); m.by proxy at Naples 16 Aug 1802 and in person at Barcelona 6 Oct 1802 Fernando Infant of Spain [later, King Fernando VII] (San Ildefonso 13 Oct 1784-Madrid 29 Sep 1833)

12a) Maria Clotilda Teresa Amelia Antonietta Giovanna Battista Anna Gaetana Pulcheria (Caserta 18 Feb 1786- Naples 12 Sep 1792)

13a) Maria Enrichetta Carmel (Naples 31 Jul 1787-Naples 20 Sep 1792)

14a) Carlo Gennaro (Naples 26 Aug 1788-Caserta 1 Feb 1789)

15a) Leopoldo Giovanni Giuseppe Michele, Pr di Salerno (Naples 2 Jul 1790-Naples 10 Mar 1851); m.Schönbrunn 28 Jul 1816 his niece Clementine, Archdss of Austria (Vienna 1 Mar 1798-Chantilly 3 Mar 1881)

1b) Maria Carolina Augusta (Vienna 26 Apr 1822-Twickenham 6 Dec 1869); m.Naples 25 Nov 1844 Pr Henri d'Orléans Duc d'Aumâle (Paris 16 Jan 1822-Zucco 7 May 1897)

2b) Lodovico Carlo (Vienna 19 Jul 1824-Vienna 7 Aug 1824)

16a) Carlo Alberto Maria (Naples 2 May 1792-d.at sea while the family was fleeing fron Naples to Palermo 24 Dec 1798)

17a) Maria Isabella (Naples 2 Dec 1793-Naples 23 Apr 1801)

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